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Archduke Ferdinand

Archduke Ferdinand

Artist: Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, 1577 - 1640)

Depicted: Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (Spanish, c. 1609 - 1641)

Date: c. 1635
Medium: Oil on canvas
Image: 45 3/4 x 37 in. (116.2 x 94 cm)
Credit Line: Museum purchase, 1948
Object number: SN626
On View: Art Museum Gallery 11
About this ObjectThe younger brother of King Philip IV of Spain, Ferdinand (1609/10-1641) represented Spanish interests in northern Europe as governor of the Netherlands. He is depicted here as a military commander fresh from his victory over the king of Sweden at Nördlingen in 1634. Rubens turned to Titian for his prototype, influenced by the Italian artist's mastery of psychological character-ization in his portraiture and his daring use of color and dynamic brushwork. He obviously succeeded - Ferdinand establishes a direct visual and emotional contact with the viewer, suggesting an unusual rapport between sitter and artist.
purchased by Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1771 for 100 guineas; The Earl of Upper Ossory; Robert Vernon, First Baron Lyveden; the Honorable Greville Richard Vernon; purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan, Dover House, London in 1898; with Knoedler, New York; purchased by The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, 1948
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